Greater Legislative Power and Stronger Role for Parliamentary Opposition

  • The Algerian Parliament holds a single ten-month session per year (Article 118);

  • The Council of the Nation (Upper Chamber), as called for in Article 119 bis, now has the prerogative of taking the initiative and/or reviewing in the first instance draft legislation relating to "local organization, land management and planning, and territorial division";

  • Treaties of economic scope shall be subject to review by Parliament prior to their ratification by the President of the Republic, whenever they relate to membership in free-trade zones, economic associations, and economic integrations;

  • Annual reports issued by the State Audit Authority (Cour des Comptes) and by the National Human Rights Council will now be reviewed by Parliament as well.? The amended Constitution now empowers the legislative branch to not only establish committees to investigate matters of interest or concern but also to designate committees that could subpoena additional information with regards to such matters of interest or concern;

  • The Head of State will now consult with the majority in Parliament in the course of nominating a Prime Minister;

  • Both Chambers of Parliament must now set aside each month a time period to consider agendas submitted by the opposition. The opposition can now as well directly seek the opinion of the Constitutional Council on legislation adopted by Parliament. Under Article 166 of the amended Constitution, referral to the Constitutional Council by the opposition requires at least fifty (50) members of the People's National Assembly or thirty (30) members of the Council of the Nation;

  • Under Article 84 of the amended Constitution, the Prime minister must each year submit to Parliament a statement of public policy proposed by his government;

  • Parliament will issue ordinances only in cases of emergency or whenever it is not in session;

  • The amended Constitution has also enhanced the rights of political parties, granting them unhindered rights to free speech, hold rallies, get access to public media commensurate with their level of representation at the national level, and get public financing according to the level of representation in Parliament (Article 42 bis).