HUMAN RIGHTS IN ALGERIA

Women´s Rights

Since independence, Algeria has ceaselessly striven to advance the rights of women and their place in society as vested interests gained through active involvement in the war for national liberation. Algerian legislation has constantly progressed in support of consolidating the rights of women, leading to policies and programs designed to further empower them and shield them against any form of gender discrimination.

Considerable progress has been achieved over the past few years, thanks, namely, to a new constitutional provision voted in 2008 increasing women's representation in elected bodies. On Jan. 12, 2012, the Algerian Parliament enforced that provision and passed a quota law in support of women's rights called "Organic law setting modalities for increasing women's opportunities for access to representation in elected assemblies".

The law mandates a 30% minimal representation quota for women in all elected bodies nationwide. In the wake of the May 2012 legislative elections, Algeria's place in the global ranking of women's representation in parliament moved up to 27th from its previous ranking of 122nd and to 1st place in the Arab World.

Furthermore, last Dec. 10, 2015, the Algerian Parliament adopted a law criminalizing any form of aggression, abuse or violence against women. The 2016 amended version of the Algerian Constitution enshrines gender parity in employment opportunities and it stipulates that the state encourages access by women to higher office in public institutions and other bodies.