The special envoy in charge of the Western Sahara issue and the Maghreb countries, Amar Belani, held on Wednesday in Algiers talks with UN Secretary-General's Personal Envoy for Western Sahara, Staffan de Mistura, who is on a working visit to Algeria, at the end of his first tour in the region.
During the talks, the Personal Envoy presented, in general terms, the contours of his mandate aimed at reviving the political process which is at an impasse due to the intransigence of the Moroccan party which continues to multiply obstacles and prohibitive conditions in order to perpetuate the colonial fait accompli.
After a reminder of the context of war in which the mission of the personal envoy is taking place following the breaking of the ceasefire by the Moroccan occupying power in a flagrant violation of the military agreements by occupying, on November 13, 2020 , the demilitarized buffer zone of Guerguerat, the Algerian delegation reaffirmed, on this occasion, Algeria's position of principle, both on the substantive issue and on aspects related to the format, insisting in particular on the need:
1. To initiate, when the conditions are met, direct negotiations, in good faith and above all without preconditions between the two parties to the conflict, that is to say the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco which are identified as such in the Security Council resolutions. In this spirit, the Heads of State and Government of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union called, on March 09, 2021, the two Member States, the Kingdom of Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, to initiate direct and frank talks without any preconditions and in accordance with Article 4 of the Constitutive Act of the African Union.
2. To reactivate and revitalize the joint settlement plan of 1991 (UN-OAU), as the only agreement accepted by the two parties to the conflict and endorsed, twice, by the Security Council.
3. Finally, and regardless of the considered processes, to take into account the inescapable imperative of the free exercise by the Saharawi people of their inalienable right to self-determination. This is in accordance with international law and the United Nations doctrine regarding a territory yet to be decolonized and whose status remains to be determined under the auspices and the political and moral responsibility of the United Nations.